Education & Training: Archives


Strengthening teaching and learning of current immunisation practices within pre-service curricula of health professionals in South Africa

Johannesburg-South Africa 28 November, 2012 to 29 November, 2012

The national workshop on "Strengthening teaching and learning of current immunisation practices within pre-service curricula of health professionals in South Africa" was organised by the South African Vaccination and Immunisation Centre (SAVIC)/University of Limpopo and NESI/University of Antwerp, and was hosted in collaboration with the South African National Department of Health and WHO/AFRO, on 28-29 November 2012 in Johannesburg, South Africa.

This workshop was a follow-up of a meeting entitled "SAVIC Nursing Immunisation Curriculum Review and Update Workshop", which was held at the Vanderbijl Park, Gauteng Province, in April 2007.

In 2011, South Africa was one of the nine countries that participated in the evaluation conducted by WHO/AFRO and NESI to assess the status of the introduction of immunisation curriculum in training institutions of the African Region and its impact on the quality of training of medical and nursing school students. The results of this evaluation were shared and discussed during this workshop.

The strategic objective of the workshop was to strengthen the teaching and learning of current immunisation practices within the existing curriculum for basic (pre-service) education programmes for doctors, nurses/midwives and other health professionals. Specifically, the workshop aimed to facilitate country-wide implementation of WHO EPI prototype curricula into pre-service training institutions in South Africa.

The meeting was attended by over 60 participants from the following organisations/institutions:

  • WHO/AFRO, Representative from the Flemish Government, Representative from Ghana Ministry of Health, South African National Department of Health, Provincial Department of Health from Gauteng;
  • University of Limpopo (Medunsa and Turfloop Campuses), NESI/University of Antwerp;
  • Other South African universities: Pretoria, University of South Africa, Cape Town (UCT), Tshwane University of Technology, Free State, Stellenbosch, North West, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Western Cape, Witwatersrand, Fort Hare, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University;
  • Nursing Colleges: Limpopo Nursing College, Western Cape College of Nursing, Kwa-Zulu Natal College of Nursing - RK Khan Campus and Nginelezana Campus, Mpumalanga College of Nursing, SG Lourens Nursing College and Ann Latsky Nursing Colleges in Gauteng, South African Military Health Services Nursing College;
  • South African National Defense Force, South African Military Health Services;
  • GlaxoSmithKline, Pfizer, Sanofi Pasteur. 

Development of Vaccinology Modules

Johannesburg, South Africa 26 November, 2012 to 27 November, 2012

Standard training materials for vaccinology courses are currently being developed. These training materials will facilitate the learning process during vaccinology courses. In addition it will enable participants of these courses to use the modules in their lectures at health training institutions or to organise national in-service vaccinology courses.

In November 2012, a workshop was organised on the finalisation of the Vaccinology Training Materials and Handouts, in Johannesburg, South Africa. The workshop was organised by NESI/UA and SAVIC, in collaboration with WHO/AFRO. The workshop was a follow-up of the 2009 and 2010 workshops, which were organised to develop generic training materials and handouts for the vaccinology courses. The workshop was attended by 10 participants from WHO/AFRO, Ghana Ministry of Health and academia; University of Limpopo (Medunsa/SAVIC), University of Antwerp (NESI) and Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, School of Medical Sciences, Ghana.

The reference format of the modules was revised, and it was decided at the workshop that the focus of the modules will be on PowerPoint presentations with explanatory notes. 

Introduction of New Vaccines

Nairobi, Kenya 22 November, 2012 to 23 November, 2012

NESI co-organises with its local partners interactive workshops, with the purpose to create a forum for discussion and exchange of experiences related to immunisation practices and new initiatives. It is the aim to bring together EPI managers and other stakeholders from different countries to share their respective experiences. 

The Experience Exchange Meeting on Introduction of New Vaccines was organised by the Kenya Paediatric Association (KPA) and the Division of Vaccines and Immunisation of the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, in collaboration with NESI/UA, on 22-23 November 2012 in Nairobi, Kenya.

The meeting was convened at a time when countries augment their strategies to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Introduction and widespread use of new or improved vaccines (such as rotavirus and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines) can contribute greatly to achieving MDG 4 of reducing global childhood mortality by two-thirds by 2015. However, as more new vaccines become available, countries face several challenges in introducing these vaccines in the existing immunisation programme. These include decision-making and prioritisation of which vaccines to be introduced, addressing strengths and weaknesses in the immunisation programme, managing more complicated vaccination schedules, developing multi-year plans to ensure sustainable use of the new vaccines, and integrating vaccines in the broader context of health systems.

New vaccines continue to roll out in Eastern Africa: PCV in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan; rotavirus vaccines in Sudan; HPV vaccine in Uganda. These new vaccines come with some unique challenges. Therefore, an Experience Exchange Meeting was organised to share experiences between these countries and others in the region. Lessons learned, best practices of new vaccine introduction and integrated management of immunisation services were shared between the countries.

The specific objectives of the meeting included: (1) update participants on GIVS and mortality reduction goals in the framework of the MDGs; (2) discuss recent advances in new vaccines and their use; (3) exchange lessons learned and best practices regarding new vaccine introduction; (4) discuss cold chain and logistics for preparation of new vaccines introduction; and (5) discuss integrated management of immunisation services.

The meeting was attended by 55 participants from the following countries: Belgium (3), Ethiopia (1), Kenya (38), Nigeria (2), Rwanda (3), Sudan (1), Tanzania (2), Uganda (4) and Zambia (1). Participants included EPI managers and staff, members of Paediatric Associations, academics, NGOs and industry.

The meeting was of great value to the participants and the lessons learnt will benefit more African countries as they embark on introducing new vaccines to ensure that every child is protected from vaccine preventable diseases.

8th Annual African Vaccinology Course

Cape Town-South Africa 5 November, 2012 to 7 November, 2012

NESI has been active in building capacity in immunisation for the Southern African sub-region since 2005 through annual vaccinology courses with the University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa, as local organiser. The 8th African vaccinology course was organised in Cape Town, South Africa, from 5 to 7 November 2012, and was hosted by the Vaccine for Africa Initiative (VACFA), based at UCT's Institute for Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine.

The main objective of the course was to build sustainable research capacity to develop vaccines and/or conduct quality standard phase 1 to phase 4 vaccine clinical trials. The course also aimed to provide participants with the necessary expertise to support public vaccination programmes.

The course was attended by 45 participants with the following profile: EPI managers and staff, medical doctors, nurses, public health specialists, academics and scientists working in the field of vaccinology.

NESI gave lectures on the following topics: Vaccination schedules; Hepatitis vaccines; GIVS and the Decade of Vaccines. NESI was also part of the "meet the experts" session, a session that allowed for questions and discussions. 

EPI Mid-level Management (MLM) inter-country course for francophone countries

Abidjan, Ivory Coast 20 August, 2012 to 1 September, 2012

Continuous capacity building of EPI managers is key in achieving the goals of the immunisation programme and implementation of EPI disease control, elimination and eradication services in line with current global and regional immunisation policies and strategies, e.g. AFRO Regional Strategy for 2009-2013, GIVS (2005-2015) and Decade of Vaccines (2011-2020).

In this context, WHO/AFRO organised an EPI Mid-Level Management (MLM) inter-country course for francophone countries in Ivory Coast, in collaboration/partnership with the Ministry of Health of Ivory Coast, UNICEF, NESI, and other partners e.g. USAID, AMP, MCHIP, CDC and GAVI.

EPI managers and other EPI staff, teachers from health training institutions and immunisation focal staff from WHO/UNICEF country and regional offices participated. A total of 57 participants and 18 facilitators attended the course. Participants came from the following countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroun, Comoros, Congo (Brazzaville), Ivory Coast, Gabon, Guinea Conakry, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Senegal, Chad and Togo.

The objectives of the 2012 EPI MLM course were:

- To ensure participants are aware of their roles and responsibilities as EPI managers and staff in line with the current global and regional immunisation policies  and strategies, within the context of health system strengthening.

- To update and strengthen managerial knowledge and skills of all participants, notably those related to problem solving, decision making/leadership exercise, effective communication, strategic or operational planning, immunization programme costing, budgeting and resource mobilization, cold chain and vaccine management, immunization safety management, human and financial resources management, new vaccine introduction management, conducting quality supplemental immunization activities, integrated disease surveillance management, EPI monitoring and data management, supervision, EPI coverage survey and evaluation.

NESI contributed to the following modules: Cold Chain management, Disease Surveillance, Immunization Safety, New Vaccine Introduction and Vaccine Management. Thanks to the presence of many countries, lively discussions were held and a lot of experiences exchanged.

In general, the modules were evaluated well by the participants: the satisfactory threshold of 70% was reached for most modules. 

12th International Advanced Course on Vaccinology in Asia-Pacific Region

Seoul-South Korea 14 May, 2012 to 19 May, 2012

The 12th International Advanced Course on Vaccinology in the Asia-Pacific Region, organised by the International Vaccine Institute (IVI), was held from 14 to 19 May 2012, in Seoul, South-Korea.

The course aimed to strengthen the capacity of countries in vaccinology by providing participants with a comprehensive overview of the vaccine continuum, from vaccine development, evaluation and regulatory principles, to production, post-licensure, introduction and policy issues.

This course is for scientists and decision-makers involved in vaccine development, in the elaboration of new vaccination strategies or in policy decisions related to the introduction of new vaccines in public health programmes, at national or international levels. It is relevant for both the public and private sectors.

A total of 93 participants from 25 countries attended the course: Burkina Faso, China, Denmark, Ethiopia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Senegal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Thailand, The Gambia, Turkey, and Vietnam. The participants were a diverse mix, consisting of scientists, public health officials and policy makers from private and public sectors.

NESI was invited by IVI to give a lecture on "Vaccination schedules: history and rationale". 

Adaptation of training DVD in French for Introduction of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Madagascar 1 May, 2012 to 30 June, 2012

The Ministry of Health of Madagascar planned to introduce pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) in the national routine immunisation programme. Due to time and financial constraints, it was decided not to develop a new PCV10 training DVD, but to translate the existing Kenyan DVD in French. The script developed for Kenya was translated into French. The voice-over was recorded in Madagascar by a local filming company. Adaptation of the visual text and quiz was done by the Audio-visual Department of the University of Antwerp, Belgium. 

Development of training DVD for Rotavirus Vaccine

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 23 April, 2012 to 30 April, 2012

Introducing a new vaccine always implicates new information and handlings. Many healthcare workers have to be trained when a country decides to introduce a new vaccine in the routine immunisation programme.

Ethiopia introduced pneumococcal vaccine in 2011. At that time a training DVD was developed as part of the training materials. A DVD can visualize many concepts in addition to classroom training and help to spread undiluted standardized messages. The pneumococcal training DVD was well received by trainers and healthcare workers. The country is currently preparing for rotavirus introduction. Consequently, Ethiopia decided likewise to produce a DVD to assist in the training on rotavirus vaccine. This vaccine will protect against severe diarrhoea caused by rotavirus which causes 28000 deaths a year in Ethiopia.

Filming and editing is done again by the Ethiopian production company Halleta, with support of WHO, NESI and the Federal Ministry of Health. The DVD will be in Amharic, the main local language and will include five chapters:
(1) Rotavirus disease;
(2) Vaccine characteristics, storage and vaccination schedule;
(3) Vaccine safety and adverse events following immunization;
(4) Vaccine administration and recording; and
(5) Communication (role play).
Filming took place from 23 until 30 April 2012 on the following locations in Addis Ababa: WHO Ethiopia Office; Addis Ababa University - College of Health Sciences; Black Lion Hospital; Bole Health centre; and Addis Salem Health centre. 

Seminar on The introduction of new vaccines into national immunisation programmes

Marrakech, Morocco 27 March, 2012 to 28 March, 2012

Séminaire de mise à jour sur l'introduction de nouveaux vaccins dans les programmes nationaux de vaccination

The seminar was jointly organised by the Faculty of Medicine, Cadi Ayyad University of Marrakech, and the Network for Education and Support in Immunisation (NESI), in Marrakech, Morocco, from 27 to 28 March 2012.

The seminar was intended for Francophone countries from Northern Africa/Middle East: Algeria, Lebanon, Mauretania, Morocco, Tunisia. Vaccine preventable diseases are still a major concern in these countries and the introduction and widespread use of new and under-utilized vaccines can contribute significantly to achieving MDG 4 of reducing the under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015, compared to 1990.

The objectives of the seminar included: (1) to provide participants with the latest updates on routine immunisation, under-utilised and new vaccines; (2) to emphasise the importance of capacity building activities in the area of vaccines and immunisation; (3) to discuss the essential factors in the decision making process for new vaccine introduction; (4) to discuss the financial challenges and programmatic aspects of new vaccine introduction; and (5) to discuss the challenges for the management of vaccination programmes, in particular the adaptation of vaccination schedules/calendars.

A total of 44 participants with following profile attended the meeting: EPI managers and other EPI staff, academics, paediatricians, clinicians and NITAG members.

Speakers included national and international vaccinology experts from universities, Ministries of Health, WHO and NESI.

The seminar was well appreciated by the participants [evaluation scores: excellent (58%); very good (36%); good (6%); mediocre (0%); unsatisfactory (0%)] and created lively discussions and exchange of experience among experts of the different countries present. A request was made to organise such a seminar on new vaccine introduction on an annual basis. 

4th Regional Vaccinology Course for Anglophone Countries

Nairobi, Kenya 19 March, 2012 to 24 March, 2012

The 4th Regional Vaccinology Course for Anglophone countries was organized by WHO/AFRO, in collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MoPHS) of Kenya, UNICEF, USAID and NESI, from 19 to 24 March 2012 in Nairobi, Kenya.

The course was attended by 27 participants from 13 countries: Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe; and included EPI managers and other EPI staff, academics, WHO/UNICEF focal points and NGOs.

Speakers included national and international vaccinology experts from universities (Ghana, Senegal, South Africa), Ministries of Health, WHO, UNICEF and NESI/UA. Teaching methods included seminar-style and interactive lectures, and group work on specific target diseases.

NESI staff lectured on the following topics: Hepatitis B vaccines; Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines; HPV vaccines; Adolescent vaccination; Basic epidemiological concepts; Ethical considerations in vaccine clinical trials; Cost-effectiveness of vaccines; Managing new vaccine introduction.
NESI also co-facilitated the group work and chaired several sessions. 
Last updated: 2 August, 2017 - 13:35